To promote the integrated development of science and technology and industrial innovation, the reporter found that in the whole Yangtze River Delta region, the main synergy among enterprises has been formed. Moreover, from the perspective of spatial geography, the innovation cooperation among regions has also produced spillover effects. High quality regional collaborative innovation has played a good effect of "1 + 1 > 2". At the same time, the "cohesion and externality" of link connection is also becoming the main direction of innovation integration development.
"As a highly innovative photovoltaic enterprise, the company has vertical integrated production capacity, which benefits from the support of 'brother enterprises' in the Yangtze River Delta." Liu Jifeng, production and operation director of Jingke energy (Chuzhou) Co., Ltd., located in Anhui Lai'an Economic Development Zone, told reporters that the photovoltaic industry has a deep industrial foundation in the Yangtze River Delta and provides various supporting facilities for the company to go global.
Regional cooperation and innovation "first hand chess"
On May 18, the third auction of scientific and technological achievements of G60 science and innovation corridor in Yangtze River Delta was held in the center of national intellectual property operation platform (Shanghai). Previously, Liang Qian, the project leader of Anhui Xuancheng Angong University Industrial Technology Research Institute Co., Ltd., has been back and forth between Xuancheng and Shanghai for many times.
In 2016, the construction of G60 science and technology innovation corridor in the Yangtze River Delta was officially launched, covering 9 cities (districts) along G60 National Expressway and Shanghai Suhu Hangzhou high-speed railway, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, Hangzhou City, Huzhou City, Jiaxing City and Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province, Hefei City, Wuhu City and Xuancheng City, Anhui Province, with a total area of 76200 square kilometers.
In the past five years, the total GDP of the above nine cities increased from 1 / 16 to 1 / 15, the total tax revenue increased from 1 / 15 to 1 / 12, the number of high-tech entrepreneurs increased from 1 / 12 to 1 / 10, and 67 enterprises were successfully listed on the science and innovation board, accounting for 1 / 5 of the enterprises listed on the science and innovation board.
Shanghai Hanhui New Energy Technology Co., Ltd. is an enterprise growing up in the G60 science and innovation corridor in the Yangtze River Delta. "The company has brought two patented technologies to the auction, one is the wireless charging technology of new energy electric vehicles, and the other is the flexible charging system applied to three-dimensional garage," said Liu Qi, deputy general manager of the company.
"At present, the G60 science and innovation corridor is becoming more and more influential, the brand is becoming more and more attractive and recognizable, and the circle of friends is also growing. More than 30 platforms and third parties have become their strategic partners, and the enterprise reserve is becoming more and more abundant." song Suwei, deputy director of the joint office of G60 science and innovation corridor in the Yangtze River Delta, said that 11 demonstration bases for the transfer and transformation of scientific and technological achievements have been established in nine cities, According to the development orientation and industrial foundation, each base focuses on different fields, forming a development pattern of "science and innovation + industry" with misplaced development and complementary advantages.
The G60 science and innovation corridor in the Yangtze River Delta is an epitome of the extensive agglomeration of science and innovation elements and regional high-quality collaborative innovation under the background of the integration of the Yangtze River Delta. In the interview, the reporter found that with the deepening of integration in the Yangtze River Delta, the goal of cities in the Yangtze River Delta is more and more consistent - to jointly build a regional innovation community. Shanghai recently proposed to promote the further agglomeration of policy resources, major projects and functional supporting facilities, and build Zhangjiang comprehensive national science center into a "science and innovation special zone" to participate in high-level international scientific and technological cooperation and competition on behalf of the country.
Subject coordination to accelerate the integration of science and innovation
In Anhui jinhong'an rice industry, chairman Chen Shuncheng was more impressed by the scientific innovation synergy brought by the integration of the Yangtze River Delta. "Without the 'hands' of Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences to help the company establish a' super standard ', Jin Hong'an could not get so much market share." Chen Shuncheng introduced that the so-called "super standard" is that Jin Hong'an still puts forward higher requirements for subsequent processing on the basis of superior grain and seed, superior grain and purchase, superior grain and storage, superior grain and price, and superior grain and sales.
As one of the regions with the strongest demand for innovation resources and the most urgent transfer and transformation of scientific and technological innovation achievements, the high-quality integration of the Yangtze River Delta provides the most suitable stage for enterprises, scientific research institutions and other innovation subjects.
According to the newly released Jiangsu industrial innovation report in the integration of the Yangtze River Delta, the expenditure on research and experimental development of colleges and universities in the Yangtze River Delta shows a steady growth trend. From the proportion and change trend of different subjects' participation in funding sources, the degree of government's direct participation in scientific and technological innovation of colleges and universities is relatively high, and enterprises are the second investment subject of colleges and universities. Among them, the proportion of government funds in Colleges and universities in Anhui and Shanghai is large, nearly 80%; Jiangsu is the province with the highest proportion of enterprise investment, maintaining 35% - 45% in 10 years.
"30% of China's science and technology business incubators are in the Yangtze River Delta, including 832 in Jiangsu, ranking first in the Yangtze River Delta." Xu Ning, vice president of the Yangtze River Industrial Economics Research Institute of Nanjing University, said that Jiangsu's leading advantages are mainly reflected in large investment and many innovation carriers.
Nanjing advanced laser technology research institute, jointly established by Shanghai Institute of Optics and mechanics of Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Management Committee of Nanjing Economic and Technological Development Zone, has adopted "one-time buyout, secondary development and multi-party cooperation" in the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, attracted the secondary development of scientific and technological achievements of many units and teams on the research institute platform, and successfully transferred and transformed a number of scientific and technological achievements.
The Institute of membrane science and technology of Nanjing University of technology is a research institution jointly established by the national special separation membrane engineering technology research center of Nanjing University of technology and Nanjing membrane material industry technology Research Institute Co., Ltd. The institute implements the innovative mode of "one institute, two systems and unified management", and relies on the school mechanism to produce original scientific and technological achievements. Moreover, the Institute also relies on the market mechanism to promote the transfer and transformation of original achievements.
Chain to chain, across the "valley of death" of innovation
Although the development level of scientific and technological innovation and industrial innovation in the Yangtze River Delta has been steadily improved and coordinated development has been initially realized, Xu Ning believes that there is still a lot of room for improvement in the future. The Jiangsu industrial innovation report in the integration of the Yangtze River Delta also points out that from the perspective of innovation links, the high-quality integrated development of the Yangtze River delta needs to realize the coupling from knowledge production to knowledge application, and strive to cross the "valley of death" of innovation.
In this context, it has become a general trend to deploy the innovation chain around the industrial chain by means of "cohesion and externality" connected by links. "In February this year, Dongfang Risheng was approved as Jiangsu Provincial heterojunction industry innovation center." according to a person in charge of the company, "heterojunction" technology is the expected new generation of technological revolution in the photovoltaic industry, and the Innovation Center led by Dongfang Risheng cooperates with a number of leading enterprises in the heterojunction industry chain, including Changzhou Juhe new materials, Suzhou Maiwei technology Changzhou jiejiachuang precision machinery, etc., in order to achieve a breakthrough in the mass production efficiency of heterojunction batteries with a challenging efficiency of more than 25%. "It is exciting that at present, Dongfang Risheng has a heterojunction battery production line, and the maximum mass production efficiency has reached 24.55%."
"The breakthrough of high-quality integration is to deploy the innovation chain around the industrial chain and put scientific and technological innovation on industrial development." Xu Ning believes that Jiangsu has some experience to share in this regard: first, build a service platform for the transfer and transformation of scientific and technological achievements. For example, Jiangsu Productivity Promotion Center has established close cooperation with 31 high-tech parks in southern Jiangsu, and has arranged and built 17 national scientific and Technological Achievement Industrialization Bases in southern Jiangsu, such as biomedicine, new materials and semiconductors. Second, improve the policy system and provide institutional guarantee. For example, in September 2018, Jiangsu took the lead in the country and issued the management measures and commission standards for technical managers for the first time. Third, set up a special fund for the transformation of provincial scientific and technological achievements to help upgrade the industrial chain. For example, Jiangsu Yawei machine tool has conquered the key technology of NC flanging unit and developed the first (set) high-precision and efficient NC sheet metal flanging machine in China, breaking the monopoly of European countries on high-precision NC flanging machine.
Wang Huidong, chairman and CEO of ankodi Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd., said from the perspective of enterprises that the characteristics of manufacturing enterprises seeking synergy naturally make them tend to open up the upstream and downstream of talent chain, industrial chain and resource chain, promote the development process of integration, and the government gives full play to the strength of enterprises and other social organizations by purchasing services to break regional barriers The coordination of elements may be a new path for the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta.