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Strengthening coordination and being a pioneer -- a new year of high-quality development of integration in the Yangtze River Delta

To promote the integrated development of science and technology and industrial innovation, the reporter found that in the whole Yangtze River Delta region, the main synergy among enterprises has been formed. Moreover, from the perspective of spatial geography, the innovation cooperation among regions has also produced spillover effects. High quality regional collaborative innovation has played a good effect of "1 + 1 > 2". At the same time, the "cohesion and externality" of link connection is also becoming the main direction of innovation integration development.

"As a highly innovative photovoltaic enterprise, the company has vertical integrated production capacity, which benefits from the support of 'brother enterprises' in the Yangtze River Delta." Liu Jifeng, production and operation director of Jingke energy (Chuzhou) Co., Ltd., located in Anhui Lai'an Economic Development Zone, told reporters that the photovoltaic industry has a deep industrial foundation in the Yangtze River Delta and provides various supporting facilities for the company to go global.

Regional cooperation and innovation "first hand chess"

On May 18, the third auction of scientific and technological achievements of G60 science and innovation corridor in Yangtze River Delta was held in the center of national intellectual property operation platform (Shanghai). Previously, Liang Qian, the project leader of Anhui Xuancheng Angong University Industrial Technology Research Institute Co., Ltd., has been back and forth between Xuancheng and Shanghai for many times.

In 2016, the construction of G60 science and technology innovation corridor in the Yangtze River Delta was officially launched, covering 9 cities (districts) along G60 National Expressway and Shanghai Suhu Hangzhou high-speed railway, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, Hangzhou City, Huzhou City, Jiaxing City and Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province, Hefei City, Wuhu City and Xuancheng City, Anhui Province, with a total area of 76200 square kilometers.

In the past five years, the total GDP of the above nine cities increased from 1 / 16 to 1 / 15, the total tax revenue increased from 1 / 15 to 1 / 12, the number of high-tech entrepreneurs increased from 1 / 12 to 1 / 10, and 67 enterprises were successfully listed on the science and innovation board, accounting for 1 / 5 of the enterprises listed on the science and innovation board.

Shanghai Hanhui New Energy Technology Co., Ltd. is an enterprise growing up in the G60 science and innovation corridor in the Yangtze River Delta. "The company has brought two patented technologies to the auction, one is the wireless charging technology of new energy electric vehicles, and the other is the flexible charging system applied to three-dimensional garage," said Liu Qi, deputy general manager of the company.

"At present, the G60 science and innovation corridor is becoming more and more influential, the brand is becoming more and more attractive and recognizable, and the circle of friends is also growing. More than 30 platforms and third parties have become their strategic partners, and the enterprise reserve is becoming more and more abundant." song Suwei, deputy director of the joint office of G60 science and innovation corridor in the Yangtze River Delta, said that 11 demonstration bases for the transfer and transformation of scientific and technological achievements have been established in nine cities, According to the development orientation and industrial foundation, each base focuses on different fields, forming a development pattern of "science and innovation + industry" with misplaced development and complementary advantages.

The G60 science and innovation corridor in the Yangtze River Delta is an epitome of the extensive agglomeration of science and innovation elements and regional high-quality collaborative innovation under the background of the integration of the Yangtze River Delta. In the interview, the reporter found that with the deepening of integration in the Yangtze River Delta, the goal of cities in the Yangtze River Delta is more and more consistent - to jointly build a regional innovation community. Shanghai recently proposed to promote the further agglomeration of policy resources, major projects and functional supporting facilities, and build Zhangjiang comprehensive national science center into a "science and innovation special zone" to participate in high-level international scientific and technological cooperation and competition on behalf of the country.

Subject coordination to accelerate the integration of science and innovation

In Anhui jinhong'an rice industry, chairman Chen Shuncheng was more impressed by the scientific innovation synergy brought by the integration of the Yangtze River Delta. "Without the 'hands' of Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences to help the company establish a' super standard ', Jin Hong'an could not get so much market share." Chen Shuncheng introduced that the so-called "super standard" is that Jin Hong'an still puts forward higher requirements for subsequent processing on the basis of superior grain and seed, superior grain and purchase, superior grain and storage, superior grain and price, and superior grain and sales.

As one of the regions with the strongest demand for innovation resources and the most urgent transfer and transformation of scientific and technological innovation achievements, the high-quality integration of the Yangtze River Delta provides the most suitable stage for enterprises, scientific research institutions and other innovation subjects.

According to the newly released Jiangsu industrial innovation report in the integration of the Yangtze River Delta, the expenditure on research and experimental development of colleges and universities in the Yangtze River Delta shows a steady growth trend. From the proportion and change trend of different subjects' participation in funding sources, the degree of government's direct participation in scientific and technological innovation of colleges and universities is relatively high, and enterprises are the second investment subject of colleges and universities. Among them, the proportion of government funds in Colleges and universities in Anhui and Shanghai is large, nearly 80%; Jiangsu is the province with the highest proportion of enterprise investment, maintaining 35% - 45% in 10 years.

"30% of China's science and technology business incubators are in the Yangtze River Delta, including 832 in Jiangsu, ranking first in the Yangtze River Delta." Xu Ning, vice president of the Yangtze River Industrial Economics Research Institute of Nanjing University, said that Jiangsu's leading advantages are mainly reflected in large investment and many innovation carriers.

Nanjing advanced laser technology research institute, jointly established by Shanghai Institute of Optics and mechanics of Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Management Committee of Nanjing Economic and Technological Development Zone, has adopted "one-time buyout, secondary development and multi-party cooperation" in the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, attracted the secondary development of scientific and technological achievements of many units and teams on the research institute platform, and successfully transferred and transformed a number of scientific and technological achievements.

The Institute of membrane science and technology of Nanjing University of technology is a research institution jointly established by the national special separation membrane engineering technology research center of Nanjing University of technology and Nanjing membrane material industry technology Research Institute Co., Ltd. The institute implements the innovative mode of "one institute, two systems and unified management", and relies on the school mechanism to produce original scientific and technological achievements. Moreover, the Institute also relies on the market mechanism to promote the transfer and transformation of original achievements.

Chain to chain, across the "valley of death" of innovation

Although the development level of scientific and technological innovation and industrial innovation in the Yangtze River Delta has been steadily improved and coordinated development has been initially realized, Xu Ning believes that there is still a lot of room for improvement in the future. The Jiangsu industrial innovation report in the integration of the Yangtze River Delta also points out that from the perspective of innovation links, the high-quality integrated development of the Yangtze River delta needs to realize the coupling from knowledge production to knowledge application, and strive to cross the "valley of death" of innovation.

In this context, it has become a general trend to deploy the innovation chain around the industrial chain by means of "cohesion and externality" connected by links. "In February this year, Dongfang Risheng was approved as Jiangsu Provincial heterojunction industry innovation center." according to a person in charge of the company, "heterojunction" technology is the expected new generation of technological revolution in the photovoltaic industry, and the Innovation Center led by Dongfang Risheng cooperates with a number of leading enterprises in the heterojunction industry chain, including Changzhou Juhe new materials, Suzhou Maiwei technology Changzhou jiejiachuang precision machinery, etc., in order to achieve a breakthrough in the mass production efficiency of heterojunction batteries with a challenging efficiency of more than 25%. "It is exciting that at present, Dongfang Risheng has a heterojunction battery production line, and the maximum mass production efficiency has reached 24.55%."

"The breakthrough of high-quality integration is to deploy the innovation chain around the industrial chain and put scientific and technological innovation on industrial development." Xu Ning believes that Jiangsu has some experience to share in this regard: first, build a service platform for the transfer and transformation of scientific and technological achievements. For example, Jiangsu Productivity Promotion Center has established close cooperation with 31 high-tech parks in southern Jiangsu, and has arranged and built 17 national scientific and Technological Achievement Industrialization Bases in southern Jiangsu, such as biomedicine, new materials and semiconductors. Second, improve the policy system and provide institutional guarantee. For example, in September 2018, Jiangsu took the lead in the country and issued the management measures and commission standards for technical managers for the first time. Third, set up a special fund for the transformation of provincial scientific and technological achievements to help upgrade the industrial chain. For example, Jiangsu Yawei machine tool has conquered the key technology of NC flanging unit and developed the first (set) high-precision and efficient NC sheet metal flanging machine in China, breaking the monopoly of European countries on high-precision NC flanging machine.

Wang Huidong, chairman and CEO of ankodi Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd., said from the perspective of enterprises that the characteristics of manufacturing enterprises seeking synergy naturally make them tend to open up the upstream and downstream of talent chain, industrial chain and resource chain, promote the development process of integration, and the government gives full play to the strength of enterprises and other social organizations by purchasing services to break regional barriers The coordination of elements may be a new path for the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta.

[highlights] robot industry: breaking the "foreign monopoly" and "breaking through" on the Yangtze River delta chain

□ our reporter Fu Qi, Wang mengran

Here is the well-known Yangtze River Delta. With a regional area of 1 / 26 of the country, it has created nearly 1 / 4 of the country's total economy. It has a strong industrial foundation and obvious cluster advantages. The robot industry accounts for "half of the country" in China. Here, it is also the Yangtze River Delta full of expectations to overcome the foreign technology blockade, break the "foreign monopoly", gather "wisdom" groups, and help domestic robots and other independent brands share more "share" under the general trend of global industrial iteration.

"The Yangtze River Delta is not only one of the centers of China's economy, but also a stage for China to connect with the world." in the office of Zhu Chunhua, executive president of Nanjing Easton Automation Co., Ltd., there is a map of the robot industry chain in the Yangtze River Delta, marked with thousands of upstream, middle and downstream enterprises, factories and institutes

Compete for "leading group"

China has become the world's largest consumer of robots for many consecutive years, and 2014 was called the "first year of China's robot industry" in the industry. Since this year, China's robot industry has embarked on the "fast lane" of development. The Yangtze River Delta began its layout more than 20 years ago.

At that time, most domestic robot enterprises were staggering in pulling orders and grinding technology. "Only through independent innovation can we make a living with a small market share!" in Zhu Chunhua's memory, at the beginning of the company's establishment in 1993, almost all key technologies in the robot industry chain were monopolized and blocked by foreign countries. In the dilemma of insufficient family resources and lack of access everywhere, we can only exchange the market for technology. In the early stage, through financing acquisition, Easton continuously laid out the core parts of industrial robots one by one, and "struggled" to improve the whole industrial chain.

Such a difficult start story has been staged all over the Yangtze River Delta, but opportunities are also hidden in it - in 1999, Anhui University of science and technology iFLYTEK Information Technology Co., Ltd. was established in Hefei. IFLYTEK, which started from intelligent voice, has crossed the field of more than a dozen intelligent products 20 years later; In 2010, a company called Shanghai Qinglang intelligence was established in Shanghai. At that time, Qinglang intelligence, which was still looking for market direction in various businesses of computer software and hardware, has now become a leader in national service robot enterprises

The industry believes that there are three necessary conditions for the development of the robot industry - sufficient capital investment for the renewal of equipment and materials, strong technology accumulation for quantitative change at any time, and reserve of talents and R & D institutions to meet the needs of continuous innovation. These are the advantages of the Yangtze River Delta - decades of exploration in manufacturing and economic fields have accumulated the basis of resources, capital and talents, as well as industrial and technological advantages such as engineering machinery, automobile, aircraft, ship and electronic manufacturing, and also provided a strong market driving force for the development of robot industry.

Today, the Yangtze River Delta has gathered International Robot giants such as abb, KUKA and Yaskawa, as well as domestic robot leading enterprises such as Xinsong, evert and esston, covering the whole chain of robot industry from complete machine, core parts to system integration and application. After 30 years of long competition, a "leading group" has been formed in all parts of the Yangtze River Delta in the "track" of the robot industry.

Difficulties in low-end manufacturing

However, in the international arena, it is still dwarfed.

Before 2014, domestic robots accounted for less than 10% in the domestic market. There was a "generational gap" between China's robot industry and foreign related industries. The "three core parts" of robots such as controller, reducer and servo motor were all monopolized by foreign countries.

Breaking the "foreign monopoly" has become the common expectation of the Yangtze River Delta. However, it is difficult to do so. Robot products are often stuck in technology, cost and other links, resulting in a surplus of low-end products and a shortage of high-end products in the market. Behind this embarrassing situation, many enterprises cannot have both strong R & D and production capabilities, among which R & D is the biggest weakness.

Even with high-end products, developing the market has become a new "difficulty". International leading robot enterprises are unwilling to use key parts produced in China, and domestic enterprises are more willing to believe in "foreign brands". Greater competition from foreign brands also began to "put down their posture", strengthen the layout all over China and reduce product prices in the Chinese market. After a series of "operations", domestic enterprises are facing greater competitive pressure.

Under the general trend of moving from system integration to high-end manufacturing, the robot industry has become an important breakthrough in the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industry. The idea of "solving problems" is also becoming clearer - take the road of differentiation in industrial planning, and work together to overcome difficulties when breaking through the "buckle" of core technology, so as to jointly promote the development of high-end production capacity and realize benign competition and cooperation.

"In the past, the robot industry was developing all over the country, and enterprises did their own work, and the competition between industries was often more than cooperation. However, under the background of the integration of the Yangtze River Delta, the industry has reached a consensus - the R & D of key technologies, the sharing of inspection equipment, the exchange of policy resources, the standardization of industry, etc. may be realized." Hong Ling, general manager of Zhejiang shuohe Robot Technology Co., Ltd., is full of confidence in the robot industry cooperation in the Yangtze River Delta.

Join hands to break through the "chain"

"At present, the company has mastered more than 85% of the core technology of the whole robot chain." Zhu Chunhua revealed that last year, the shipment volume of esten industrial robots reached 5600, but he knew that "one flower alone is not spring". Collaborative innovation and fist clenching will make the whole market bigger and bigger.

At the beginning of last year, Easton signed a strategic cooperation with Zhejiang enterprise double ring drive. The former listed technical requirements and provided verification scenarios, while the latter focused on key technologies and jointly conquered "RV Reducer". In April this year, new progress came from the cooperation - the joint robot "reducer" has basically overcome the technical bottleneck and is expected to be replaced by domestic products.

"Our harmonic reducer partners are in Suzhou, servo motor partners are in Suzhou and Shanghai, and casting and gear partners are in Changzhou." Xiao Yongqiang, chief engineer of robot business department of Anhui evert Intelligent Equipment Co., Ltd., introduced that more than half of the company's core parts come from the Yangtze River Delta, and the localization rate has reached more than 80%.

In the same regional market, such scenes of inter provincial layout and collaborative innovation among enterprises are becoming more and more frequent. "The industrial advantages of three provinces and one city are different. Shanghai has capital advantages, Jiangsu has industrial R & D advantages, Anhui has industrial cluster advantages, while Zhejiang has relatively strong driving force and ability in the robot market. We can make use of each other's strength to realize complementary advantages." Zhu Chunhua, as the chairman of the robot special committee of the Yangtze River Delta intelligent manufacturing alliance, believes that, With the development of domestic robot market towards higher technology, greater output and more demand, all parts of the Yangtze River Delta will move towards deeper industrial cooperation in the future.

The breakthrough of cooperation is in the word "chain".

Just last month, the Yangtze River Delta robot industry chain collaborative work promotion meeting was held in Shanghai. On the spot, the Yangtze River Delta Robot Industry Innovation Platform Alliance just established in January this year launched an initiative. In the future, the alliance members will deepen collaboration from three dimensions: industrial chain supply chain cooperation, technology breakthrough cooperation and functional platform co construction cooperation. Previously, Shanghai robot R & D and transformation functional platform, a "Big Mac" scientific and technological innovation platform that brings together more than 90% of robot related enterprises in China, has also landed in Putuo District of Shanghai and become a base for technology sharing and transformation.

"As a leading demonstration area, the Yangtze River Delta has taken the high-quality coordinated development of the robot industry chain as the key task of regional construction since last year." vice chairman of Shanghai Municipal Commission of economy and information technology

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